Late in the 19th century, prospectors pushed ever further into the uncharted expanse of Atlantic forest in search of the “green gold” – the coveted leaves of Yerba Mate trees used throughout Argentina to make the Yerba Mate tea.  They found them in a place where huge and timeless Araucaria trees towered overhead and giant tree ferns made mysterious and geometric patterns in the sunlight.

Today, San Pedro is a bustling small town and capital of the largest Department in Misiones, which is home to both the Yaboti Biosphere Reserve and Moconá Falls, as well as two of the best reserves for birders wishing to see Atlantic Forest upland species; Cruce Caballero and Las Araucarias Provincial Parks.

Cruce Caballero Provincial Park (600ha) R14.

A treasure-trove of old growth Araucaria and tree fern habitat, Cruce Caballero is the best, and one of the last, places in Argentina where we can find the upland rarities unique to the Atlantic Forest biome. Solitary Tinamou, Rusty-barred Owl, White-browed Foliage-Gleaner, Bay-ringed Tyrannulet, Planalto Tapaculo, Black-billed Scythebill, White-bearded Antshrike and Green-chinned Euphonia are all good possibilities, and we may be among those lucky enough to see the extremely rare Helmeted Woodpecker.

Las Araucarias Provincial Park (99ha)

San Pedro’s own reserve is right in town. At 99ha Las Araucarias is not that large, but receives a steady stream of enthusiasts as it’s home to some good-sized Araucaria trees and is one of the best places to see Canebrake Groundcreeper and Araucaria Tit-spinetail. Other regulars are Red-breasted Toucan, Vinaceous-breasted Amazon, Azure Jay and even the odd Helmeted Woodpecker.

San Pedro - Misiones

Some of the endemic species in San Pedro – Misiones

Pileated Parrot

Pionopsitta pileata

Long-trained Nightjar

Macropsalis forcipata

White-bearded Antshrike

Biatas nigropectus

Azure Jay

Cyanocorax caeruleus

Macuco

Solitary Tinamou

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper

Lochmias nematura

Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher

Polioptila lactea

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper

Spotted Bamboowren

Book now @ San Pedro – Misiones!

San Pedro - Misiones

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Check list: More than 200 potential species of San Pedro – Misiones:

Cracidae Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris
Black-fronted Piping-Guan Pipile jacutinga
Tinamidae Solitary Tinamou Tinamus solitarius
Brown Tinamou Crypturellus obsoletus
Tataupa Tinamou Crypturellus tataupa
Columbidae Rock Pigeon Columba livia
Picazuro Pigeon Patagioenas picazuro
Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis
Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
Ruddy Ground Dove Columbina talpacoti
Picui Ground Dove Columbina picui
Caprimulgidae Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus
Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
Long-trained Nightjar Macropsalis forcipata
Silky-tailed Nightjar Antrostomus sericocaudatus
Cuculidae Greater Ani Crotophaga major
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani
Guira Cuckoo Guira guira
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus
Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana
Rallidae Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail Aramides saracura
Blackish Rail Pardirallus nigricans
Aramidae Limpkin Aramus guarauna
Apodidae Great Dusky Swift Cypseloides senex
Sick´s Swift Chaetura meridionalis
Trochilidae Planalto Hermit Phaethornis pretrei
Scale-throated Hermit Phaethornis eurynome
Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis
Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus
Purple-crowned Plovercrest Stephanoxis loddigesii
Violet-capped Woodnymph Thalurania glaucopis
White-throated Hummingbird Leucochloris albicollis
Blue-tufted Starthroat Heliomaster furcifer
Ardeidae Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
Phalacrocoracidae Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
Bucconidae White-eared Puffbird Nystalus chacuru
Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula
Charadriidae Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis
Strigidae Black-banded Owl Strix huhula
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
Cathartidae Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
Accipitridae Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Roadside Hawk Rupornis magnirostris
Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
Trogonidae Surucua Trogon Trogon surrucura
Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus
Momotidae Rufous-capped Motmot Baryphthengus ruficapillus
Alcedinidae Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
Ramphastidae Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
Red-breasted Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus
Saffron Toucanet Pteroglossus bailloni
Picidae Ochre-collared Piculet Picumnus temminckii
Robust Woodpecker Campephilus robustus
Helmeted Woodpecker Celeus galeatus
White-browed Woodpecker Piculus aurulentus
Green-barred Woodpecker Colaptes melanochloros
Campo Flicker Colaptes campestris
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
Yellow-fronted Woodpecker Melanerpes flavifrons
White-spotted Woodpecker Veniliornis spilogaster
Falconidae Chimango Caracara Milvago chimango
Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis
Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus
Southern Caracara Caracara plancus
Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
Psittacidae Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus
Pileated Parrot Pionopsitta pileata
Scaly-headed Parrot Pionus maximiliani
Maroon-bellied Parakeet Pyrrhura frontalis
White-eyed Parakeet Psittacara leucophthalmus
Grallariidae Speckle-breasted Antpitta Hylopezus nattereri
Tityridae Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana
Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor
Greenish Schiffornis Schiffornis virescens
Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis
Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus
Crested Becard Pachyramphus validus
Pipridae Swallow-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia caudata
Band-tailed Manakin Pipra fasciicauda
Cotingidae Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus
Tyrannidae Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis
Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris
Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum
Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola
Southern Antpipit Corythopis delalandi
Southern Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes eximius
Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ventralis
Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus
Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant Hemitriccus diops
Eared Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis auricularis
Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps
Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens
White-throated Spadebill Platyrinchus mystaceus
Euler´s Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri
Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus
Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus
Cattle Tyrant Machetornis rixosa
Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius
Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis
Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus
Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus
Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua
Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus
Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana
Sibilant Sirystes Sirystes sibilator
Swainson´s Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni
Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox
Conopophagidae Rufous Gnateater Conopophaga lineata
Rhinocryptidae Planalto Tapaculo Scytalopus pachecoi
Thamnophilidae Spot-backed Antshrike Hypoedaleus guttatus
Giant Antshrike Batara cinerea
Tufted Antshrike Mackenziaena severa
Large-tailed Antshrike Mackenziaena leachii
Variable Antshrike Thamnophilus caerulescens
Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis
Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus
Bertoni´s Antbird Drymophila rubricollis
Dusky-tailed Antbird Drymophila malura
White-shouldered Fire-eye Pyriglena leucoptera
Formicariidae Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona
Furnariidae Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner Anabacerthia lichtensteini
Rufous Hornero Furnarius rufus
Rufous-capped Spinetail Synallaxis ruficapilla
Spix´s Spinetail Synallaxis spixi
Gray-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis cinerascens
Olive Spinetail Cranioleuca obsoleta
Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner Syndactyla rufosuperciliata
Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner Philydor rufum
Rufous-breasted Leaftosser Sclerurus scansor
Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura
Sharp-billed Treehunter Heliobletus contaminatus
Streaked Xenops Xenops rutilans
Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus
White-throated Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes albicollis
Planalto Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes platyrostris
Lesser Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus fuscus
Scalloped Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes falcinellus
Vireonidae Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
Corvidae Azure Jay Cyanocorax caeruleus
Plush-crested Jay Cyanocorax chrysops
Hirundinidae White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Troglodytidae House Wren Troglodytes aedon
Polioptilidae Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher Polioptila lactea
Masked Gnatcatcher Polioptila dumicola
Mimidae Chalk-browed Mockingbird Mimus saturninus
Turdidae Rufous-bellied Thrush Turdus rufiventris
Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas
Creamy-bellied Thrush Turdus amaurochalinus
Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus
White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis
Passeridae House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Fringillidae Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica
Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea
Parulidae White-browed Warbler Myiothlypis leucoblephara
Tropical Parula Setophaga pitiayumi
Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus
Icteridae Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous
Golden-winged Cacique Cacicus chrysopterus
Variable Oriole Icterus pyrrhopterus
Screaming Cowbird Molothrus rufoaxillaris
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus
Emberizidae Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis
Thraupidae Uniform Finch Haplospiza unicolor
Gray-throated Warbling-Finch Poospiza cabanisi
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
Temminck´s Seedeater Sporophila falcirostris
Double-collared Seedeater Sporophila caerulescens
Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus
Red-crested Cardinal Paroaria coronata
Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus
Chestnut-headed Tanager Pyrrhocoma ruficeps
Black-goggled Tanager Trichothraupis melanops
Ruby-crowned Tanager Tachyphonus coronatus
Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo
Sayaca Tanager Thraupis sayaca
Fawn-breasted Tanager Pipraeidea melanonota
Green-headed Tanager Tangara seledon
Chestnut-backed Tanager Tangara preciosa
Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis
Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana
Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira
Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum
Black-throated Grosbeak Saltator fuliginosus
Green-winged Saltator Saltator similis
Cardinalidae Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica

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